Diabetes and Gum Disease

People with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing gum disease. Gum disease is basically an infection of the gums and bone that support and hold your teeth. Just like infections in other parts of your body, any infection in the gums makes it a challenge to manage blood glucose levels. Gum disease is of two types:

  1. Gingivitis: This is a mild form of gum disease that is reversible with appropriate treatment. A buildup of plaque at the gum line causes gingivitis. It leads to gums becoming red and tender, leading to painful gums. 

  2. Periodontitis: This is an aggressive form of gum disease that develops when gingivitis is left untreated. The body’s natural response to the bacteria causes the gums to recede and destroy the bone that holds the teeth together. This condition is irreversible but the problem can be prevented from worsening. 

Gum disease is prevalent at any age; children or adults with diabetes are at a higher risk of contracting this disease. Get in touch with your dentist or hygienist to get tips on effective and ongoing oral care.